Neurodegenerative diseases are becoming common nowadays, and it is affecting at least 1 billion people globally in different ways. These diseases can leave the person crippled for life and make them dependent on others as it affects motor functions, memory, behavior, etc. Scientists have been studying different types of neurodegenerative diseases to understand their potential causes so that they can find better treatments. One of the most promising and potentially effective compound for managing the symptoms of neurodegenerative disorders is cannabidiol (CBD).
What Are Neurodegenerative Diseases
As the name suggests, these are conditions that manifest as a result of the progressive deterioration of neurons that are the fundamental working units of the central nervous system. This causes the individual to suffer from impairments in movement, mental state, memory, etc. These conditions develop due to multiple reasons such as environment, lifestyle, genetics, side-effects form medicines, etc. Listed below are the two most common types of neurodegenerative diseases.
Alzheimer’s Disease: Alzheimer’s disease gradually destroys the mental faculties of an individual and one of its most obvious symptoms is memory loss or dementia. Besides, the patient loses control over the body and ultimately becomes dependent on others for basic daily activities.
Parkinson’s Disease: The most noticeable characteristic symptom of Parkinson’s disease is the tremors or uncontrollable shaking of the limbs. This condition is caused due to the loss of nerve cells in the substantia nigra region of the brain, and they are responsible for dopamine production. Moreover, it progresses in five stages with increasing levels of severity of the symptoms.
Use Of CBD For treating Neurodegenerative Diseases
Cannabidiol (CBD) is useful for treating neurodegenerative diseases mainly due to its benefits which it imparts by improving the functioning of the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS control homeostatic functions many of which are affected by damage to neurons by neurodegenerative diseases and CBD can be useful due to its neuroprotective effects.
CBD Benefits For Treating Neurodegenerative Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Effect: One of the major reasons for many neurodegenerative diseases is neuroinflammation, and consuming CBD oil helps to reduce inflammation. Apart from this, it has the added benefits of improving neurological functioning and slowing down the progress of neuronal damage.
Antioxidant Effect: Damage due to oxidative stress is another major trigger for many neurodegenerative diseases. Consuming CBD oil is useful because it is rich in antioxidants, and they reduce neuronal damage due to oxidative stress.
Apart from these two, CBD increases cerebral blood flow and promotes neurological healing. It also stimulates neurons in the hippocampus region of the brain that is responsible for memory formation.
This is how cannabidiol (CBD) imparts the neuroprotection effects that make it useful in the treatment of neurodegenerative disease symptoms.