The various cannabinoid compounds extracted from the cannabis plant have many medicinal benefits. The therapeutic benefits make these compounds and the products made from these compounds widely popular among the people. Cannabidiol or commonly known as CBD, and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the most abundant natural compounds in the cannabis plant.
CBD is usually extracted from hemp plant which contains less than 0.3 % of THC. It is an effective remedy for many of the health problems like chronic pain, nausea, anxiety, depression, epilepsy, arthritis, loss of appetite, inflammation, acnes, glaucoma, etc. CBD is sold in the market in the form of topical, oils, gummies, and vapes. CBD is a non- addictive and non-psychoactive compound, which makes it completely legal in the United States.
THC is the main psychoactive compound in the cannabis plant which creates a sensation of “high”. Much like Cannabidiol, THC also interacts with the cannabinoid receptors present in the endocannabinoid system of your body. This interaction is essential for the treatment of many of the health problems. THC is also available in the form of oil, tinctures and edibles. But it is not considered as a legal drug.
Psychoactive Properties of CBD and THC
CBD is a non-psychoactive compound, even though both THC and CBD have similar chemical structure. THC binds with the CB1 receptors in the brain that causes the sense of euphoria. But the interaction of CBD and CB1 receptor is not so strong. Therefore, CBD cannot produce the sensation of high.
However, CBD can interfere with the interaction of THC and CB1 receptors and reduce the psychoactive effects. Even though THC has some therapeutic benefits, doctors do not recommend its use because of the psychoactive effects of THC.
Legality of CBD and THC
Marijuana and THC are still illegal in the United States. But in many states and Washington D.C. the use of medical marijuana with high THC content is legal. However, the prescription of a licensed medical professional is needed for the use of medical marijuana.
Since the cannabis laws in the United States are constantly changing, many states made the recreational use of marijuana and THC legal. According to the Agricultural Act of 2018, recreational and medical uses of CBD are legal in all the 50 states of America.
The use of CBD may not fail you in a drug test. But the regular use of THC will definitely make you fail the drug test. Both THC and CBD are stored in the fat cells of the body. If it is not properly metabolized, it will remain in your body for several days and will show up in the drug tests.
Most of the drug test will look for the THC content in the blood or urine. Since the THC content in the CBD products are less than 0.3 %, it may not show up in the tests. Read here to learn how to properly determine what CBD products are right for you.