If you are already a CBD user or have heard about it, you would have already noticed that CBD is a relatively new product. Before some years, it was not available in the market like it is available now because it became legal in the US only in 2018.
In this session, we will discuss the legal status of CBD in detail.
How CBD Was Made Legal?
The Farm Bill of 2018 legalized CBD sourced from hemp, provided the products contain less than 0.3% THC. Before 2018, CBD was considered illegal and was included in the list of federal controlled drug substances indicating that the law did not permit the use of CBD then.
The Farm Bill has removed CBD products from the list of federal controlled drug substances and has put hemp CBD in the list of agricultural products. But if the THC content of a CBD product goes beyond the suggested 0.3%, it will be considered illegal.
Hemp farming in the US has to follow the strict regulations of federal governments and if the THC content in the hemp crop is found to exceed the 0.3% level, the authorities have the right to destroy the crop.
Why Was CBD Illegal In The Past?
CBD is a cannabinoid that is obtained from the plants of cannabis family and the plant family includes marijuana as well as hemp. Because CBD can be obtained from both these plants and as they belong to the same species, misconceptions existed about the effects of CBD.
The THC content of a CBD product decides whether it will cause a high or not. CBD products obtained from hemp have more CBD content and minimal amounts of THC, but the case of marijuana derived CBD products is different, as they have high THC levels.
The Farm Bill specifically mentions that only hemp derived CBD products are legal and even in hemp CBD, the THC levels cannot go even slightly higher than 0.3%. In fact, FDA defines hemp as any cannabis plant part or extract that does not have more than 0.3% THC.
Comparison Of Hemp And Marijuana
CBD is the major compound in hemp plant while marijuana has THC as its major compound. Hemp and marijuana belong to the same plant species, Cannabis sativa but the plants were traditionally grown for different purposes. Hemp cultivation began before thousands of years and it was farmed for its nutritious seeds and fiber, which could be used for various industrial purposes. At the same time, marijuana was cultivated for its therapeutic benefits and the long years of selective breeding led to hemp and marijuana having entirely different phytochemical composition and properties.
The source and THC concentration of CBD products are analyzed to decide the legal status of CBD products in the US as per the suggestions of Farm Bill.