CBD, also known as cannabidiol, is a cannabinoid commonly found in the cannabis family of plants. With the US Farm Act of 2018, industrial cultivation of the hemp plant and compounds derived from it like cannabidiol (CBD) was made legal in the country. Products like CBD gummies, oils, edibles, and beverages became popular among users because of cannabidiol’s therapeutic and health benefits. Let us look into the details of using CBD for children.
CBD And FDA
The FDA allows the use of cannabidiol (CBD) only for medical purposes. It considers the sale of CBD infused edibles and supplements illegal. The FDA has approved only a limited number of cannabidiol derived drugs for medical uses; two of them are Epidiolex and Sativex. Epidiolex is made primarily using CBD, which is used for treating drug-resistant forms of epilepsy Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome in children above two years old. Sativex is a combination of CBD and THC in the ratio of 1:1, which is used for treating multiple sclerosis; it is particularly effective for managing severe pain due to this condition.
Concerns About CBD
Despite CBD health benefits, there are many concerns about cannabidiol products because of the availability of fewer research data. Shared below are some of the most common concerns:
- The cannabidiol market grew rapidly, and the lack of proper regulations has resulted in the availability of low-quality products disguised as authentic CBD products. In most of these products, the amount of CBD will be lower than what is listed on the label of the product.
- There is no clear consensus on the amount of CBD reaching the brain, and this data is especially important if you want to give CBD to children.
- Low-quality CBD products may contain other cannabinoids like psychotropic THC because hemp plants also contain this cannabinoid. This can be understood by looking at the Certificate of Analysis (COA) of the CBD product.
- CBD has the risk of interacting with other medications, especially those with grapefruit warning.
- Determining the right CBD dosage for kids can be confusing because there is no standard CBD dosage that fits all. Finding the dosage that is ideal for your child can be tricky as it requires a trial and error method.
- There are still grey areas in the legality of CBD across the USA. At the federal level, it is legal, but at the state level, its legality varies. In a few states, it is completely legal, in others, it is partially legal, while in states like Idaho, Iowa, and South Dakota it is illegal in every form.
Forms Of CBD
Cannabidiol (CBD) is available in different forms, but the most popular ones are oils, gummies, and tinctures.
- CBD Oil: CBD oil can be administered directly or added to food, soup, or juice and so it is very popular among users. Besides, it is also available in the form of soft gel capsules that have a fixed dose per serving. Also, there is another option, i.e. water-soluble CBD, which can be added to any type of drink.
- Gummies: CBD gummies are a good way to administer cannabidiol for children because they are like gummy bear candies.
Apart from these methods, ready-made CBD edibles are also available. They can be used for administering cannabidiol for children as the doses are low and fixed per serving.
Uses Of CBD For Children
Cannabidiol products are useful for children because of CBD health benefits. The main concern regarding this is their safety. Also, it is removed from the list of schedule 1 drugs. However, there is the risk of drug interaction, and because of this, parents must be careful.
The major uses of cannabidiol (CBD) for children are shared below.
Epilepsy: The anticonvulsant effect of CBD is extensively studied by scientists. It is found to be useful for managing the symptoms of drug-resistant forms of epilepsy. Epidiolex is a CBD-derived drug that is used for the treatment of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome in children.
The side effects of Epidiolex may include the following:
- Lethargy and sleepiness
- Elevated levels of liver enzymes
- Reduced appetite
- Sleep issues
The following are serious risks due to CBD, but they are less likely to occur:
- Suicidal actions or thoughts
- Aggressive behavior
- Panic attacks
- Liver injury
Autism: Another use of CBD for children is that it is found to reduce the severity of symptoms of autism in children. Administering regulated doses of CBD oil increased their general activity, reduced restlessness, rage attacks, and seizures. But there are reported side effects like sleepiness, reflux, and lack of appetite.
Above shared are some of the important points that you must know before using cannabidiol (CBD) for children.